Appendicitis is a condition characterized by inflammation of the appendix (see photo below). It is a medical emergency. All cases require removal of appendicitis or laparotomy or laparoscopy. Untreated, mortality is high, mainly due to peritonitis and shock. Reginald Fitz first described acute and chronic appendicitis in 1886, and was considered one of the most common causes of serious worldwide acute abdominal pain. Than correctly diagnosed acute appendicitis form is known as "rumbling appendix.
Appendicitis occurs when the appendix is blocked, often a stool, a foreign body, or cancer. Blocking can also produce infection, such as the appendix swells in response to infection in the body.
The symptoms of appendicitis typically include:
- Pain in the right side of the abdomen
- Inability to move the gas
- A low fever that begins after other symptoms
- Swelling of the abdomen
- Anorexia (loss of appetite)
Once the diagnosis of appendicitis is appendectomy is usually performed. Antibiotics are almost always started before surgery and once suspected appendicitis.
There is a small group of patients with inflammation and infection of appendicitis remain mild and localized in a small area. The body is able not only to contain the inflammation and infection but to resolve this. These patients are usually not very bad condition and improve a few days of observation. This type of appendicitis is referred to as "limited appendicitis" and may be treated with antibiotics alone. Adding or may not be removed at a later date.