Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums around the teeth. Gingivitis is one of many periodontal diseases that affect the health of periodontal disease (the tissue surrounding the teeth and gums, soft tissue and bone).healthbase
Periodontal disease is often classified according to their weight. Ranging from mild gingivitis to severe periodontitis more, and, finally, acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis, which can be fatal.
- The bacteria can cause inflammation of the gums. Although bacteria are normally in our body and provide a protective effect for most of the time, the bacteria can be harmful. The mouth is a nice place to live for bacteria. food supply hot and humid environment are constant and all bacteria need to thrive. If not for a healthy immune system, bacteria in the mouth quickly multiply out of control, overwhelming the defense system of the body.
- Infection begins when the immune system is overloaded. Gingivitis is an infection that occurs when bacteria invade soft tissues, bones and other places that bacteria should not be. At the time of infection, the bacteria will not help us begin to do us harm. Infections, like other diseases, ranging from mild to severe, even fatal.
This inflammation causes the gums
Gingivitis is considered a bacterial infection of the gums. Exactly why is developing gingivitis is not proven, but there are several theories.
- For the development of gingivitis, plaque must accumulate in the spaces between teeth. This table contains a large amount of bacteria is considered responsible for inflammation of the gums. But this is not just a plaque, which causes inflammation of the gums. Almost everyone has a plaque on the teeth, but only a few developing gingivitis.
- It is usually necessary for a person to the underlying disease or take a particular medicine because of their immune system is susceptible to gingivitis. For example, people with leukemia and diseases Wegner have changes in blood vessels, allowing them to develop gingivitis gums. Other people with diabetes, Addison's disease, HIV and other diseases of the immune system lack the ability to fight the bacteria invade the gums.
- Sometimes, hormonal changes in your body during pregnancy, puberty, and steroid gum left at risk of bacterial infection.
- Many drugs used for seizures, organ transplants of blood pressure, and can suppress the immune system and modify the structure of rubber still allows for bacterial infections.
Symptoms of gingivitis
- Swelling, redness, pain, bleeding gums are signs of gingivitis.
- Begins to breathe the smell.
- Gums begin to lose their normal structure and color. Gums, which were once strong and black, begins to fall and make a bright red inflammation.
- System-inflammation complex in which the fight against the bacteria cells of the body are recruited to the area of bacterial infection, plays an important role in inflammation of the gums. This is gingivitis, which represents most of the signs of gingivitis.
- When you start the bacteria invade the gums, proteins present in saliva and soft tissues, called antibodies coating bacteria and weaken it, making it an easy target for the immune system. The bacterial cells encounter first tried to kill him, and during that time, the release of chemicals in the blood of other cells called for help.
- A particular cell called the macrophage is responsible for receiving the bacteria and dissolved with chemicals. This system works well, but it is not very effective. During the invasion of bacteria have been destroyed, the chemicals used by the cells of the immune system to kill them are dedicated to surrounding tissues. This not only kills bacteria, but compensation in the vicinity of tissue and cells, and gums.
- Body sees this inflammation as a small price to stop the bacteria. This process will continue until the source of infection is removed.
1. Auto-Home Care
Better home care is to prevent gingivitis.
- Regular visits to remove dental plaque accumulation necessary to fight against gingivitis.
- After the dentist removes the plaque, brushing and flossing regularly will minimize the formation of plaque. Even with good oral hygiene, plaque begins to accumulate again.
Removing the source of infection is mainly seen how simple gingivitis.
- To clean your teeth regularly toothbrush and fluoride toothpaste approved by dentists, dental plaque accumulation can be minimized.
- Flossing is another way to remove plaque between teeth, and other areas difficult to reach.
- Regular visits to your dentist are also important. Your dentist can remove plaque that is too thick to remove with dental floss or a toothbrush.
- Severe inflammation of the gums may require antibiotics and consultation with your doctor. Antibiotics are drugs used to fight against bacterial infections and immune system have been the plate. By plaque bacteria can be reduced to manageable levels by the immune system. Antibiotics are not without risk and should be made only after consulting a dentist or doctor.