Uveitis (iritis) refers directly to the eye inflammation of the middle layer, called "Uvea" but in common usage may refer to any inflammatory process involving the eye.
It is estimated that uveitis accounts for about 10% of cases of blindness in the United States. Uveitis requires a thorough examination by an ophthalmologist.
Uveitis is usually divided anatomically front, intermediate forms and back panuveitic.
- Anywhere from two thirds to 90% of cases of uveitis are location (anterior uveitis), often called iritis - or inflammation of the iris and anterior chamber. This condition can occur in one episode and disappear with proper treatment or may be recurrent or chronic nature. Symptoms of a red eye, injected conjunctiva, pain and visual impairment. Symptoms include increased ciliary vessels, the presence of cells and flare in the anterior chamber and corneal institutions ("KP") on the rear surface of the cornea.
- Intermediate uveitis consists of vitritis - inflammatory cells in the vitreous cavity, sometimes with snowbanking or inflammatory material deposition in the pars plana.
- Posterior uveitis is an inflammation of the retina and choroid.
- Pan-uveitis is an inflammation of all layers of Uvea.
Depending on the part of the eye is inflammed in uveitis various combinations of these symptoms may be present.
- Blurred vision
These symptoms can appear suddenly and the pain can not occur. The symptoms described above do not necessarily mean that you have uveitis. However, in cases where one or more of these symptoms, contact your doctor for a thorough eye examination.
Treatment may include steroid eyedrops, injections or tablets, eye drops, and to expand the pupil and reduce pain. More severe cases of uveitis may even require treatment with chemotherapeutic agents to suppress the immune system.