You feel crowded. There is pressure on the forehead, cheeks and eyes, and you have a nagging pain in my head - all classic symptoms of sinus headache, also known as sinusitis. In fact, the sinus pain is one of the most common symptoms of sinusitis. The sinuses are small cavities in the bones of the face. We're just behind the nose, are two large on both sides of the nasal cavity, it is not a chain of small running just behind the bridge of the nose, and there are two big behind and above the inner surface of the eyebrows. They went inside the same type of membrane that forms the lining of the nose, and are small holes that are connected to the nostrils.
Sinus mucus production, which enters the nose, which aims to wash bacteria, dust particles, and so on that gather there. It is the mucus, and the ingestion of pollutants behind us, which are destroyed by stomach acid. It is a natural function of the body, which normally takes place without us noticing.
sinus pain, sinusitis occurs when sinus infection that could be caused by viral or bacterial infections, and even for reasons other than infectious. Sine, the pain is accompanied by sinusitis is very common, with about 1 in 10 people are affected, including children and adults.
What are the causes of sinusitis and sinus pain?
Sinusitis headache and accompanying sinus usually develops after a long crisis of the flu or colds or allergies, resulting in increased production of mucus, swelling of the sinus membrane. In fact, the swell to block the passage leading to the sinus cavities, preventing the free circulation of air and mucus, which leads to the formation of abnormal pressure in the sinuses. This in turn causes the symptoms of sinus pressure and pain in the face or front, back or between the eyes or upper teeth or cheek, depending on the affected sinuses.
As mucus continues to build in the sinuses leads to a viral or bacterial infection. When a cold lasts more than a week, often becoming yellowish-green mucus and develops an unpleasant odor or bad taste, which is a symptom of transfer of bacteria. When this occurs, causing pain and sinus pressure. Acute sinusitis usually lasts about an attack a few weeks. However, sometimes the bacteria are not killed immediately with antibiotics, the infection leads to a few months. When this happens, it is known as chronic sinusitis. Sometimes, sinus pain and sinusitis can be caused by infections of the upper die on the teeth, which extend to the sinuses.
How sinusitis and sinus pain treated?
Anyone have sinus pain, ask your doctor to determine the exact cause. When the doctor diagnosed a sinus pain caused by sinusitis, he / she was accustomed to treat with antibiotic treatment, although additional treatment may be needed for severe cases. For example, chronic sinusitis, especially in the development of polyps may require surgical intervention.
How are sinus problems and sinus pain prevented? If you suffer from allergic reactions, consult a specialist to determine the causes, which are usually animal dander, dust mites, molds and pollens. sinus problems and sinus pain can be avoided if you avoid these allergens as much as possible, with the help of air purifier inside and outside the mask.
If you have nasal congestion, take steps to reduce it. For example, nasal irrigation is an effective way to thin mucus and reduce congestion.
Try to minimize exposure to infection. Avoid people, they know they have an infection, but if it is not possible, use the health habits when you're near them, like washing hands and avoid sharing eating utensils , napkins and towels.
If you are a smoker, you should stop smoking, nicotine and tobacco smoke and air pollution limits the body's ability to fight infection, including respiratory tract.
In addition, adequate moisture should be maintained. This is because the mucus becomes thicker, and are therefore more likely to block the sinus passages, and in low humidity. One method may be compensated is to use a humidifier.
In addition, increases resistance to infection by incorporating a healthy lifestyle that includes regular exercise and healthy eating.