Artificial insemination for the treatment of infertility, which includes the addition of sperm directly into the uterus of a woman.
When artificial insemination is used?
Artificial insemination can be helpful for couples to imagine any of the following situations:
• there is a problem with the sperm of a man, or can not produce sperm during intercourse
• there is no obvious reason why the couple can not conceive a child (unexplained infertility)
• Women with endometriosis had minimal soft
Endometriosis is a disease where cells normally found in the lining of the uterus (womb) begins to develop in other parts of the reproductive system, which can cause infertility.
Women in same-sex couples are also used artificial insemination in the way of conceiving a child.
Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)
Different techniques can be used to perform artificial insemination. intrauterine insemination (IUI) is the technique most commonly used and has a good record of success.
In IUI, the man to provide semen samples, which is then "washed and sanitized using special techniques. This ensures that only the most powerful, high quality seed is used the procedure.
During the procedure, the sperm concentrate is transferred directly into the woman's uterus (womb) through a tube called a catheter.
In certain circumstances, a person may not be able to make healthy sperm. If so, the frozen sperm from a donor, can be used.
Some couples have chosen to sperm donation from someone who knows a relative or friend. In most cases, comes from an anonymous sperm donor.
In the past, sperm donors remained anonymous, parents and the child produced by the donated sperm. In 2005, legislation on donor anonymity changed.
Any person who is born from donated sperm after 1 April 2005, the right to ask the human fertility and embryology Authority (HFEA) to obtain information about the donor's identity, age at 18.
The HFEA is responsible for all fertility clinics in Britain.
Artificial insemination in the NHS
National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) recommends that up to six courses (or cycles) of IUI treatment should be available for couples on the NHS and free:
• the number of sperm from men is incorrect
• Women minimal or mild endometriosis
• They have unexplained fertility problems
fertility treatment, which is currently funded by the NHS varies across the UK. In some areas, waiting lists for treatment can be very long. Criteria for eligibility for treatment may differ, in some cases, may depend on what is available from primary care trust local (PCT).
IUI is also available in the private fertility clinics. Costs range from £ 500 to £ 1,000 for each cycle.
Cycle is the term used for a cycle of IUI treatment. For each course is timed to coincide with a woman, the natural cycle of reproduction, this could be a cycle of IUI treatment in a month.