Adnexal masses may occur during a routine examination of asymptomatic patients. They can be found in the assessment of a patient with pain, bleeding or other disabling symptoms. Most of these masses are benign and largely self-Solve, and some of them be dangerous, even fatal. The challenge, of course, is to determine who is who.
Simple Ovarian Cyst
Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sac from the ovary.
Ovarian cysts can be classified into two types: physiological cysts following ovulation (or atttempted ovulation) and neoplastic cysts. Of the two, related to ovulation cysts are much more frequent.
Functional cysts are common and usually cause no problems. Each time a woman ovulates, she forms a small ovarian cyst (3.0 cm or less). Depending on where her menstrual cycle, you can find these small follicular cysts. Large cysts (> 7.0 cm) are rare and should be used clinically or by ultrasound.
Occasionally, simple ovarian cysts can cause a problem:
- Delaying menstruation
- Causing pain
95% of ovarian cysts disappear spontaneously, usually after the next menstrual flow. And those who are behind these problems are often removed surgically.
Here are some pictures that can explain the kinds of cancers in women
Figure mucinous cystadenoma (benign)
Figure Dermoid cyst with torsion and infarction
Figure Hydrosalpinx from PID