Dental caries is an infectious disease that causes damage to the tooth structure. This damage can cause pain, abscesses of the bone and tooth loss.
Initially, the decay appears as a small limestone area, but eventually turn into a big brown cavitation. Depending on the location of the decrease can be seen directly or by radiography (X-rays) to check the less visible areas of teeth and assess the damage.
Tooth decay is caused by acid producing bacteria that are present in the mouth. These bacteria produce acid by breaking down food debris stuck on or between the teeth. Cavities may or may not be associated with symptoms. Risk of caries can be reduced by appropriate oral hygiene and thorough and regular visits to the dentist.
Root canal is a procedure involving the removal of soft tissue inside the tooth. To better understand the procedure, we need to know a little about the anatomy of the tooth.
The tooth is like an onion, made up of several layers. outermost layer is called enamel coating of teeth. The middle layer is called dentin. The deepest layer is called the mass, it is the center of the tooth where blood vessels and nerves are located.
Root canal therapy is necessary for the dental pulp becomes inflamed or infected. This may be due to several causes: deep decay, repeated dental procedures on a tooth or a crack in the tooth.
Canal treatment involves several steps. First the dentist will give you an anesthetic to numb the tooth. Then, the tooth will be isolated, protective film, said the cofferdam. Then, the dentist will open in the upper crown. Through this hole the dentist own dough using very small instruments. At the end of the process, a dentist with the filling and sealing root canals of biological material.
In modern anesthesia, most patients are comfortable during the procedure of the chain. For the first days after surgery, the tooth may feel sensitive, but the discomfort can be relieved with over the fight against painkillers. Teeth that had the channel will require a crown to prevent cracking.
- Image One: the cavity, which led to the abscess
- Second image: the top opening of a tooth
- Third image: root canal cleaned by removing all persons infected and inflamed pulp
- Channels fourth table are filled with biological material and the crown is
Crowns (sometimes referred to as CAP) is going towards the top of the tooth to strengthen and improve its appearance. Crown is a tooth that has been severely damaged, which have undergone a root canal, or teeth that are discolored or malformed.
Make crown is composed of two meetings. In the first visit, your dentist to make an impression of your teeth, then the anesthesia can be used to numb your teeth. Your dentist prepares the tooth, a process that involves removing the outer layer of the tooth, and any failure or fault lines. Then a second impression is made of the prepared tooth. At this stage, is temporary and provisional crowns cemented to the teeth.
The impression is sent to the laboratory where the habit has become a crown. The wreaths are made of porcelain, porcelain fused to metal or metal. Then, the timing of his second term, in which the dentist removes the temporary crown and cement a permanent crown. With oral hygiene and proper care, the crown can last 10 years or more.
When a tooth is lost, adjacent teeth can change is the loss of function is compromised and his smile. There are several options to remedy this problem, including the bridge. The bridge is a prosthesis that replaces missing teeth, false teeth, which are attached to natural teeth.
Implementation of the bridge consists of two or three meetings. adjacent teeth first prepared, and fingerprinting. The impression is sent to the laboratory where the bridge is custom. After the bridge back to the dentist, the meeting was held, where the bridge is located in the mouth and then cemented in place. Most require special attention when cleaning, but with oral hygiene can take 10 years or more.
When a tooth is lost, adjacent teeth can change is the loss of function is compromised and his smile. There are several options to remedy this problem, including dental implants. The implant is a titanium post is placed in the jaw and the bone fuses. It acts as an artificial root, at the top of the tip of the Crown.
Implants provide a stable long-term, because the fuse to the bone. They are much more stable than other options such as partial dentures, have a very high level of aesthetics and proper care can last bridge.
Veneer is very thin shells of porcelain custom, which is intended to cover the front surface of teeth, just like the way the nails are attached to natural nails. Veneers improve the appearance of teeth that are stained, cut, irregularly shaped or unevenly spaced.
Make veneer consists of two meetings. In the first visit, your dentist will impress your teeth, then an anesthetic is administered to numb the teeth. Your dentist prepares the tooth, removing a small amount of enamel from your teeth to hold the porcelain coating. Then a second impression is prepared teeth. At this stage, temporary and temporary veneers are cemented on the teeth.
The impression is sent to a laboratory where porcelain veneers are custom made according to the shape and color, you choose your dentist. Then it will be scheduled for a second appointment where the dentist removes the temporary veneers, and cement a permanent facets. With oral hygiene and proper care, veneers last 7-10 years.
Onlay is a method of tooth restoration that covers, protects and strengthens one or more cusps (teeth sharp corners). Expenses are often used for large defects of teeth present, due to the significant loss of tissue injury or decay, as well as during storage of the lack of direct reconstruction.
The implementation of the onlay is composed of two meetings. In the first visit, your dentist to make an impression of your teeth, then the anesthesia can be used to numb your teeth. Your dentist prepares the tooth and decay, or delete lines of crack. Then a second impression is made of the prepared tooth. At this stage, the temporary onlay is cemented in time and the tooth.
The impression is sent to the laboratory where it is the custom onlay. Onlay may be made of porcelain or metal alloy noble high. Then, the timing of his second term, in which the dentist removes the temporary onlay and cement a permanent onlay. With oral hygiene and proper care, onlays can last 10 years or more.
Teeth Whitening is available for over 15 years and is becoming increasingly popular. whitening treatments are used to improve the appearance of your teeth by removing stains. It should be noted that the natural color of teeth depends on the person, and his teeth naturally darken with age.
There are two types of stains, which causes tooth discoloration, staining of internal and external spots. External stains are the result of the accumulation of surface stains caused by certain foods or beverages such as soy sauce, coffee, tea, red wine and tobacco. Internal stains can result from certain antibiotics, excessive fluoride in water and dental injuries.
Teeth whiteners are two different classes, bleaches and bleaching of the surface. Surface whiteners use mild abrasives to remove surface stains. They are often found in products such as toothpaste or chewing gum. Produce a slight effect on the appearance of teeth.
Whitening teeth with the use of peroxide bleach. They also act on the natural teeth, and the results depend on the concentration and type of bleach used.
Some stains, however, do not fade. Your dentist will help determine if this is an appropriate approach to dental care. It is important to bear in mind the fillings and crowns do not change color during the whitening treatment. Sometimes, such additions must be changed after the teeth whitening to match the new tooth color lighter.
Whitening products are available over the counter or by a dentist. The main difference is that, over the counter products are much milder concentration that is accessible by a dentist, and if the results seem to be less visible.
Dentists employ two main types of whitening products. The first involves the manufacture of custom palette for each jaw. These tanks are filled with money and worn on the part of each day, usually 28/10 days. The second type of whitening products give immediate results, with respect to a dental visit, where the teeth are isolated and very concentrated bleach, and light and / or heat is applied to the teeth. These products have appeared on the show metamorphosis are now abound on television.
All treatments of teeth whitening, tooth sensitivity and irritation of the soft tissues may occur, but the effects are reversible.